Selasa, 10 November 2009

Kumpulan Soal Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris SMP IX - REcount Text

Your body needs energy, protein, minerals, vitamins, and fibre. In order to
get all of these, it is important to have a varied and balanced diet, and to eat the
right amount of food. Your body “burns” food to energy : the amount of energy
provided by food is measured in units called calories.
How many calories do you need? This depends on your weight and on what you
do. When you are asleep, your body uses nearly one calorie an hour for every
kilogram of weight. So a person who weights seventy kilos uses about 560 calories
while sleeping for eight hours. More calories are needed for different activities –
from 100 calories an hour for reading or watching TV, to 350 calories an hour for
playing football.
To calculate the number of calories needed per day for an everage person,
first find out the person’s ideal weight. Then multiply the weight by 40 for a woman
or 46 for a man. A 60 – kilo woman may need about 2400 calories a day – more if she
does heavy physical work and less if she is very inactive.
10. Which statement is NOT TRUE according to the text?
a. To read something for an hour, a person needs 100 calories.
b. A person needs 350 calories per hour to play football.
c. Inactive persons do not need calories at all.
d. Food is burnt by the body to get energy.

11. How many calories do we need? It depends on ....
a. how old we are
b. how heavy we are
c. our weight and what we do
d. our age and our weight

12. The text mainly tells us about ....
a. energy
b. calories
c. protein
d. minerals
13. A sportman will need ... a businessman.
a. as many calories as
b. not so many calories as
c. more calories than
d. less calories than
There are many unavoidable factors that can cause migraines, for example,
menstrual cycles, weather changes, and stress. There are things that we eat or drink
that can contribute to migraine. We can prevent migraines by avoiding these items.
Migraines can be caused by what we eat, drink, or medicine we take. Migraine
can be stimulated by caffeine, chocolate, old cheeses, ready-to-eat meats,
monosodium glutamate, alcohol, citrus fruits and juices, bananas, yogurt, onions and
other things. Among medications, medicines to kill pain and birth control pills are
some of the causes.
Adapted from an interview with neurologist David W. Buchholz, M.D., from Johns Hopkins Health Information, Internet
10. Which one doesn’t belong to the factors that can cause migraine?
a. Menstrual cycles.
b. Weather changes.
c. Life style.
d. Stress.
11. Which items can stimulate migraines?
a. Milk, sugar, butter and old cheese.
b. Citrus fruits, banana, peanut and grape.
c. Yogurt, caffeine, chocolate and alcohol.
d. Bread, onions, candy and salad.
12. From the short text above, we know that migraines ....
a. are easy to be treated
b. are not caused by medicines
c. can be caused by food and drink
d. cannot be prevented
13. What kind of disease do you think “migraine” is?
a. Headache.
b. Toothache.
c. Broken bones.
d. Nose bleeding.
14. “There are many unavoidable factors ...” (paragraph 1)
The underlined word means ….
a. cannot be prevented
b. cannot be avoided
c. can be avoided
d. can be prevented
When we watch the news on TV, we see the news announcers. Sometimes we see two
or three reporters. But we don’t see the team of people who make the news broadcast.
The TV team includes carpenters, painters, electricians, light engineers, camera
operators, video engineers and sound engineers.
The carpenters make the news room, the painters paint the scenery and the electrician
provides electricity to power the cameras, microphones and the lights. The light engineer
arranges the lights so that we can see everything on the screen. The sound engineer
makes sure we can hear what the people are saying.
These are some of the news team. There are also the people who write the news and the
people who make the announcers look good, the make-up artists. In addition to all these
people, there is the producer - the person who manages everything and everybody in the
43. What does the text tell us about?
a. TV programmes.
b. People on TV screens.
c. The news announcers.
d. The television teams.
44. There are ... sections of the TV team.
a. seven
b. eight
c. nine
d. ten
45. Who is responsible for all TV programmes?
a. The reporter.
b. The producer.
c. The broadcaster.
d. The camera operator.
46. “The TV team’s job” can be found in ....
a. the first paragraph
b. the second paragraph
c. the third paragraph
d. none of the paragraphs
There are some railways on Java island.
The great railway was built to link the DKI
province, West Java, Central Java, the DIY and
East Java. Today there are the Mutiara, the Senja
Utama, the Parahyangan, the Pajajaran, the
Mataram train, and the Argo Bromo train. We
can go in the compartment of business class or
executive class. Railways have faced
competition from other means of transportation.
People can go from one place to another by bus, private car, taxi, truck, van, “angkutan
kota” and “angkutan pedesaan”. Most of the roads are good enough for the buses and cars to
pass. But some roads are very bad. The buses and the cars bump along the rough road. The roads
are bumpy. The road range from small gravel side roads to great concrete superhighways. Great
concrete superhighways are found in Jakarta, West Java and in Surabaya. The Jagorawi toll
concrete road connects Jakarta, Bogor and Ciawi. Every day thousands of vehicles travel this
scenic highways. People in rural areas and in isolated areas need bicycles,”angkutan pedesaan”,
“ojek” and “becaks”. They are still vital to the development of natural resources or agricultural
products in isolated areas. Even in Kalimantan, people can go from one place to another by boats
along the Mahakam and the Kapuas rivers. From Surabaya to Madura, and from Banyuwangi to
Bali island people can go by ferry.
Indonesia’s three main airlines are Garuda Indonesia Airways, Sempati Air and Merpati
Airlines. Helicopters are used for observing the traffic jams along the roads in the north, coastal
areas in West Java and Central Java.
33. How is the condition of most of the roads?
a. No roads are suitable to drive on.
b. Some of the roads are in good condition.
c. Roads condition are getting better and better.
d. Most roads are in bad condition.
34. ... transportation is commonly used in Kalimantan because of the availability of big rivers.
a. Air
b. Land
c. Public
d. Water
35. People drive ... along the superhighway.
a. slowly
b. very fast
c. very slowly
d. not too fast
36. “We can go in the compartment of business class of executive class.” (paragraph 1)
“We” in the sentence refers to ....
a. the train crew members
b. the writer and friends
c. passsengers of the train
d. you and your friends

Read Text (Wacana III dari soal nomor 14 sampai dengan -manor 17)
Contagious diseases are which are passed from person to person. They can be passed by direct contact' 0rby bacteria in the air.
Some diseases are very dangerous and these can spread quickly, causing sickness and sometimes death. In the 14th century in Europe, a contagious diseases called | "bubonic plague' or 'black death' killed millions people. No one knew how it spreads and they could not stop it. Today, a contagious disease like bubonic plague can be Stopped by modern medicine, but at the time, nobody understood how diseases were spread or what caused them. Even this century there have been outbreaks of serious contagious diseases such as typhoid, yellow fever and cholera.
Doctors and scientist have studied these diseases can prevent them if medicine is available. Unfortunately, many countries are crowded and disease
Spreads quickly. When this happens this is called an 'epidemic'. Even today doctors and modern medicine sometimes cannot stop epidemics until many people have already died.
How are contagious diseases passed?
A. by epidemics
B. by outbreaks
C. by bacteria
D. by crowded countries
E. by sickness of death

Why don't we have bubonic plague today??
A. doctors didn't know about it
B. it is called 'black death
C. people in Europe have it
D. countries are not crowded
E. modern medicine can stop it

What is another word for 'epidemic'?
A. outbreak
B. bubonic Plague
C. crowded countries
D. modern medicine
E. typhoid

Epidemic still occurs because ...
A. many countries are crowded
B. doctors can prevent them
C. bubonic plague can be stopped
D. some diseases are not very contagious
E. modern medicine sometimes can stop them

Read Text/Wacana I
Badminton is an indoor sport that has been greatest since the end of world war II. It is sport for two or four players. The players use long handled rackets to hit a shuttlecock over a net. The net is stretched across a marked court. Badminton rackets are lightweight. A shuttlecock is usually made of cork and feather. The court is about 5.2 meter wide and 13.4 meter long for singles, and 1 meter wider for doubles.
In order to score, a player has to save, or put the shuttlecock into play. A server can score when the opponent lets the shuttlecock fall to the ground or by a fault. A fault occurs when the opponent, in an attempt to return the shuttlecock safely, allows it to go into or under net. To hit the shuttlecock out of the playing are also a fault. Men win a game after collecting 15 points. In women singles 11 points wins a game.
Badminton has been growing very rapidly. It grows either as backyard recreation or as a competitive sport. The International Badminton Federation was founded in 1934 with nine nation represented. Now it has members in more than 40 nations, and a world tournament for both men and women is held every two years.
Which of the sentences is correct based on the text.
A. only badminton is an indoor game
B. Badminton can only be played outdoors
C. The players are all men
D. Badminton can be played either as indoor game or outdoor game
E. The players must be over 15 years old

A player hits the shuttlecock with ...
A. a long handled racket
B. a long lightweight handled racket
C. a racket which is as light as a shuttlecock
D. a handled racket which is as heavy as a bat
E. a very lightweight racket

There is only one correct sentence related to the text ...
A. Instead of shuttlecocks the players may use light balls
B. A players can get a point if he can't return the shuttlecock
C. Badminton is a kind of sport for more than four players
D. After collecting 15 points a man player wins the game
E. Both men and women players have to collect less than 15 points to win the game

Which of the following sentence shows that badminton rackets are not so heavy as tennis rackets?
A. The players use long handled rackets
B. Badminton rackets are lightweight
C. A player hits a shuttlecock with a rackets
D. Tennis rackets are bigger than badminton rackets
E. Badminton rackets are smaller compared with tennis rackets

When does a fault occur?
A. When the player returns the shuttlecock of his opponent
B. After the player hits the shuttlecock with his racket
C. while the shuttlecock passes through the net
D. When the player falls on the ground
E. When the player can't return the shuttlecock of his opponent

Read Text/Wacana II
Two very important fuel gases are made from petroleum during the refining process. They are butane and propane, which are similar to methane. These gases are sold in small tanks and are used for cigarette lighters, portable welding torches, and camping stoves.
Mixture of the two gases are stored under pressured .as a liquid. For this reason the mixture is called liquefied petroleum gas or LPG. As it is used the liquid in the tank evaporates and leaved the tank as gas. The main use of LPG is as a cooking fuel on farms and in small towns are where a central gas making plant
would not be practical. Instead of piping the gas to the house where it is to be used, a tank of LPG is connected directly to the stove. Because LPG is sold in tanks, it is often called tank gas or bottled gas.
LPG is also used to small extent to run automobiles and tractors. When the fuel tank is empty, it is replaced by a full one.
What are similar to methane?
A. petroleum
B. butane
C. propane and petroleum
D. Petroleum and butane
E. butane and propane

The main use of liquefied petroleum gas is for ...
A. portable welding torches
B. cooking fuel
C. cigarette lighters
D. camping stoves
E. gas making plants

The following answers are all correct except one. Which one is wrong? Bottled gas provides the fuel ...
A. for cooking
B. for heating
C. for lighting used by campers
D. for hot water in homes in rural areas
E. for giving gas supply in homes in rural areas

Piping the gas to the houses in rural areas from a central gas-making plant is ...
A. expensive
B. practical
C. impractical
D. efficient
E. reasonable

LPG is a mixture of ...
A. butane and methane
B. propane and liquid
C. liquid and butane
D. butane, propane and liquid
E. butane and propane

Read Text/Wacana III
When you're hungry and you smell dinner, your mouth waters. This is the first step in changing the food you eat into the kind .of food that cells can use. This change is called digestion, and it begins in the mouth.
Suppose you are eating sandwich. Your front teeth cut and tear the sandwich. The molars grind it. Saliva, the juice in the mouth, gets everything moist. Saliva also contains a type of chemical called an enzyme. It starts breaking down the starch of the bread into sugar.
The moist ball of the food is carried to the back of the mouth by the tongue. Muscles force the food into the esophagus, a narrow tube behind the windpipe. Other muscles force the food down the esophagus. They do their work so well that the food would travel along even if the person were doing a headstand.
Changing the food that we eat into the kind of liquid that cells can use is called ...
A. processing
B. digestion
C. cutting or tearing
D. grinding
E. eating

When you eat a piece of meat or an apple, the use of your front teeth is for ... them.
A. tasting
B. tearing
C. grinding
D. chewing
E. breaking

What substance makes the food in the mouth moist?
A. the juice
B. the milk
C. the starch
D. the water
E. the saliva

The tongue carries the moist food to ...
A. the stomach
B. the back of the mouth
C. the small intestines
D. the esophagus
E. the windpipe

Although a person does a headstand, the food that he eats ...
A. is carried back to his mouth from his stomach
B. stays in his mouth
C. pushes from his stomach to his mouth
D. still moves from his mouth to his stomach
E. stays still in his stomach

That oil has helped’ to shape the world is not an exaggeration. Indeed, the discovery of oil during the last hundred years has changed a great deal of things. An oil product called kerosene has replaced firewood in the kitchen of our cities. Motor vehicles using gasoline or diesel oil have put animal-drawn carriages into museums. Steamships have lost against motor vehicles. Diesel locomotives have driven steam locomotives off the rails. :Jet planes using aviation fuel fly the skies, making remote places reachable in a matter of hours.
That oil is indispensable to our everyday lives is not an exaggeration, either. Yet few of us ever ask how this important liquid is extracted from the earth and changed into finished products. In the first place, it is not an easy matter to find an oil reserve. Exploration teams, sent by oil companies, have to go to remote places, find sometimes have to live under harsh conditions, to explore the earth or seabed for oil. They study the rock and the soil, and if there are promising result, the next thing for the oil company to do is to send a drilling team to the location. Again, this not a simple matter. Roads, for examples, have to be built first to transport the men and materials to the site. What is worse, the first drilling does not always bring about oil. The drilling team often has to drill up to ten wells before oil is found.
Animal-drawn carriages have been replaced by ...
A. ships
B. vehicles
C. planes
D. motor vehicles
E. motor boats and vessels

To find an oil reserve people have to explore ...
A. any location
B. rock or oil
C. rock or water
D. the earth or seabed
E. remote places only

In line 15, the word "this" refers to ...
A. building a road them
B. sending a drilling team
C. gathering the crude oil
D. sending exploration teams
E. sending exploration machinery

In line 13, the word "they" refers to ...
A. people
B. exploration teams
C. finished product
D. oil companies
E. harsh conditions

The main idea of the first paragraph is that ...
A. oil has changed a great deal of things
B. kinds of oil for transportation
C. the importance of transportation
D. motor vehicles using gasoline
E. further processing of oil

Exploration teams, sent bay oil companies, have to go to remote places, (paragraph 2 line 11).
The word "remote" in the sentence above means ...
A. busy
B. near
C. faraway
D. crowded
E. close

Water is an essential component of all living matter. The body itself consists of more than 70% water. Water is necessary for weathering processes that convert rock to soil and for the transport of soil nutrients to plant. In the form of vapour, it provides protection for us against the harmful radiations from outer space and the chilling temperatures at night. Water is so much a part of our daily lives that we take all this for granted, we drink it, wash with it, use it to dispose of our waste products and for countless other domestic purposes.
The widest use of water in some countries is for irrigation. The farmers grow rice extensively to satisfy the need for this staple food. With the programmer's priority being to increase rice production, the heavy use of water for agriculture will continue in the future.
Water is also used to produce electric power. Many hydroelectric power plants provide electricity for cities, towns and villages.
Industry depends on water. The manufacture of foodstuffs, textiles, man-made dams now attract more and more people for fishing, boating and other recreations.
Water sources can be classified as either surface water or ground water. Surface water originates from two main sources rivers and rainfall, which act as the sources of water in urban areas. Rainwater failing on land areas partly infiltrates the earth's surface and is partly intercepted by plants, while some evaporates. Water collected in lakes, swamps, streams and rivers can be used to provide an urban water supply.
Why is water essential for us? Because …
A. Water protect us from harmful radiations
B. We need water for washing our clothes
C. Water is badly needed in our life
D. We use water for transportation
E. Our body consists 70% of water

Where is urban water supply collect from?
A. Lake
B. Swamp
C. Stream
D. Spring
E. Rainfall

According to the text, what are the four uses of water in our daily life?
A. Irrigation, agriculture, company, industry
B. Drinking, washing, cleaning, roasting
C. Agriculture, industry, factory, company
D. Boating, fishing, swimming, diving
E. Recreation, irrigation, electricity, industry

Which statement is correct based on the text?
A. The use of water decreases from time to time
B. Sea water is more preferable for recreation
C. Irrigation does not support a good harvest
D. Water is really a basic need to human life
E. All the rain water failing on land will evaporate

"and is partly intercepted by plants, while some evaporates", (line 22)
'Some' in this sentence means rain water ...
A. Infiltrates the earth's surface
B. Failing on land areas
C. Failing on the rivers
D. Intercepted by plants
E. Collected in lakes

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